* The arguer may be right about …, but he seems to neglect (fail) to mention (take into account) that fact that…
* As opposed to (Contrary to) widely (commonly/generally) held (accepted) belief (ideas/views), I believe (argue that…
* Although many people believe that …, I doubt (wonder) whether the argument bears much analysis (close examination).
* The advantages of B outweigh any benefit we gained from (carry more weight than those of / are much greater than) A.
* Although it is commonly (widely / generally) held (felt / accepted / agreed) that …, it is unlikely to be true that…
* There is an element of truth in this argument (statement), but it ignores a deeper and more basic (important / essential) fact (reason) that…
* The main (obvious / great) problem (flaw / drawback) with (in) this argument (view / remark) is that it is ignorant of (blind to) the basic (bare) fact that …
* It would be possible (natural / reasonable) to think (believe / take the view) that…, but it would be absurd (wrong) to claim (argue) that …
* In all the discussion and debate over…, one important (basic) fact is generally overlooked (neglected).
* There is absolutely (in fact) no (every) reason for us to believe (accept / resist / reject) that…
* Logical (Valid / Sound) as this argument and I wholeheartedly agree with it, it appears insignificant (absurd) when … is taken into consideration (account).
* To assume (suggest) that … is far from being proved (to miss the point).
* A close (careful) inspection (examination / scrutiny) of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless / fallacious) it is.
* What the arguer fails to understand (consider /mention) is that…
* Although the popular belief is that…, a current (new / recent) study (survey / poll / investigation) indicates (shows / demonstrates) that…
* Common sense tells us that… The increase (change / failure / success) in… mainly (largely / partly) results from (arises from / is because of)…
* The increase (change / failure /success) in … is due to (owing to / attributable to) the fact that…
* Many people would claim that… One may attribute (ascribe / owe) the increase (decrease / change) to …, but … is not by itself an adequate explanation.
* One of the reasons given for … is that… What is also worth noticing is that…
* There are many (different / several / a number of / a variety of) causes (reasons) for this dramatic (marked / significant) growth (change /decline / increase) in .. First,… Second,… Finally,…
* It gives rise to (lead to / bring / create) a host of problems (consequences).
* There are numerous reasons why …, and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.
* It will exert (have / produce) profound (far-reaching / remarkable / considerable / beneficial / favorable / undesirable / disastrous) effect (influence) on…
* A multitude of factors could account for (contribute to / lead to / result in / influence) the change (increase / decrease / success/ failure / development) in…
* In 1999, it increased (rose / jumped / shot up) from 5 to 10 percent of the total (to 15 percent / by 15 percent).
* By comparison with 1998, it decreased (dropped / fell) from 10 to 5 percent (to 15 percent / by 15 percent).
* It account for 15 percent of the total.
* There were 100 traffic accidents in April, and increase of 5 percent in a five-month period.
* From what has been discussed above (Taking into account all these factors / Judging from all evidence offered), we may safely draw (reach / come to / arrive at) the conclusion that…
* All the evidence (analysis) supports (justifies / confirms / warrants / points to) a(n) unshakable (unmistakable / sound / just) conclusion that …
* It is high time that we place (lay / put) great ( special / considerable) emphasis on the improvement (development / increase / promotion) of…
* It is high time that we put an end to the deep-seated (unhealthy / undesirable / deplorable) situation (tendency / phenomenon) of…
* There is no easy (immediate / effective) solution ( approach / answer / remedy) to the problem of …, but … might be useful (helpful / beneficial).
* Following these methods (suggestions) may not guarantee the success in (solution to)…, but the pay-off will be worth the effort. Obviously (Clearly / No doubt), if we ignore (are blind to) the problem, there is every chance that…
* Unless there is a common realization of (general commitment to)…, it is very likely (the chances are good) that…
* There is little doubt (no denying) that serous (special / adequate / immediate /further) attention must be called (paid / devoted) to the problem of …
* It is hoped (suggested / recommended) that great (continuous / persistent / sustained / corporate) efforts should be make to control (check / halt / promote) the growth (increase / rise) of …
* Anyhow, wider (more) education (publicity) should be given to the possible (potential / grave / serious / pernicious) consequences (effects) of…
* For these reasons, I strongly recommend that… For the reasons given above, I feel that…
I reckon/In my opinion/In my view/It seems to me /All things considered/If you ask me/To be honest/To tell you the truth/To be frank/Frankly speaking/Personally/To my mind/As far as I’m concerned
* Whereas other societies look to the past for guidance, we cast our nets forward(面向未来)
* It is the belief in a brighter future that gives us optimism.
* Even these days, when not all progress seems positive (nuclear weapons, air pollution, unemployment, etc.), the belief remains that for every problem there is a rational solution.
* The job of the parents is to give the children every opportunity while they are growing up and then get out of their way.
* What deference people in authority do command is based on their actual powers rather than on their age, wisdom, or dignity.
* In a society that changes as fast as ours, experience simply does not have the value that it does in traditional societies.
* It has taken a long time to convince the public that free enterprise does not mean that a company should be free to pollute the air, foul the rivers, and destroy the forests.
* The assembly line reduced workers to cogs of machinery and made their jobs unutterably boring, but it produced goods fast.
* Food is prepackaged and shopping is impersonal, but the efficiency of the operation produces lower prices and less shopping time.
As an American is always striving to change his lot, he never fully identifies with any group.
* In America, there are no such expressions such as in china where “the fat pig gets slaughtered,” or in Japan, where “the nail that sticks out gets hammered down.”
* Actually, persons in status societies who are secure in their niches (适当的位置)are allowed more eccentricity than Americans, who rely heavily on signals that other people like them.
* When half the population goes to college, one cannot expect the colleges to maintain the same standards as in countries where only the elite attend.
* No one could seriously think that anyone who grows up poor, lives in a bad neighborhood, and attends an inferior school has an opportunity equal to that of someone more favored.
* Americans may not have achieved equality, but at least they aspire to it, which is more than many other nations can claim.
* Someone who looks around or down appears shifty (不可靠的)to Americans, although in fact one doesn’t stare continuously at the other person, but glances elsewhere every few seconds.
* It is possible that fees paid by movie studios for screenplays will decrease in the future relative to those for book rights.
* The argument simply equates success with movie ticket sales, which is unwarranted.
* This assumption presents a false dilemma, since the two media are not necessarily mutually exclusive alternatives.
* Common sense tells us that a photographer can succeed by working in both media.
* The argument ignores the factors - such as initiative, creativity, technical skills, and business judgment - that may be more important than the choice of medium in determining success in photography.
* Consequently, the mere fact that Company A holds a large share of the video - game hardware and software market does not support the claim that Company A will also fail.
* Thus, the author unfairly assumes that highly - rated public television programs are necessarily widely viewed, or popular.
* Admittedly, the vice president’s reasoning linking employee benefits with company profits seems reasonable on the surface.
* One can infer from the survey’s results that a full one - third of the respondents may have viewed the current benefits package unfavorably.
* Lacking more specific information about how these other employees responded, it is impossible to assess the reliability of the survey’s results or to make an informed
1. Important=crucial a.至关紧要的(extremely important), significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)
2. Common=universal a.普遍的, ubiquitous adj.普遍存在的(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)
3. Abundant=ample (enough and usually extra), plentiful (enough for people’s needs and wants)
4. Stick=adhere a.粘附, cling (hold on something tightly)
5. Neglect v.忽视=ignore. (Difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)
6. Near=adjacent (two things next to each other), adjoin (the same as adjacent)
7. Pursue=woo (man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)
8. Accurate=precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact (correct in every detail)
9. Vague a.含糊的=obscure (unknown or known by only a few people)
10. Top=peak, summit
11. Competitor=rival, opponent (especially in sports and politics)
12. Blame n. /vt.责备，过失 =condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)
13. Opinon=perspective, standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)
14. Fame=prestige (describe those who are admired), reputation
15. Build=erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish
16. Insult n. /vt. 侮辱，凌辱=humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)
17. Complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)
18. Primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental
19. Relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)
20. Force=coerce sb into (coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to), compel
21. Enlarge=magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is)
22. Complex=intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)
23. Lonely=solitary a. 孤独的 (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)
24. Small=minuscule (very small), minute
25. Praise=extol (stronger than praise), compliment (polite and political)
26. hard-working=assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)
27. Difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)
28. Poor (soil) =barren n.荒地, infertile (used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)
29. Fragile=brittle a.易碎的，脆弱的, vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)
30. Show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.)
31. Big=massive (large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal (use this word, you emphasize something is large), tremendous (INFORMAL)
32. avoid=shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately a.故意的 avoid that something or keep away from it.)
33. Fair=impartial (someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.)
34. Attack=assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)
35. Dislike=abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe (dislike very much)
36. ruin v.使破产，使毁灭 n.毁灭=devastate(it means damage something very badly, or utterly a.完全的，彻底的 destroy it.)
37. Disaster=catastrophe (a catastrophe is an unexpected event that cause great suffering and damages)
38. finally=eventually(especially after a lot of delays), ultimately adv.最后，终于(after complicated series of events)
39. Always=invariably (the same as always, but better than always)
40. Forever=perpetual (a perpetual state never changes), immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed)
41. Surprise=startle (it means surprise you slightly), astound (surprise you to a large degree), astonish (the same as astound)
42. Enthusiasm n.狂热，热心=zeal(a great enthusiasm), fervency(sincere a.诚挚，真诚and enthusiasm)
43. Quiet=tranquil (calm and peaceful), serene (calm and quiet)
44. Expensive=exorbitant (it means too expensive that it should be)
45.luxurious=lavish adj.浪费的 vt.浪费，慷慨给与(impressive and very expensive), sumptuous(grand and very expensive)
46. Boring=tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)
47. Respect=esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire v.赞美him/her. FORMAL)
48. Worry=fret (if you fret about something, you worry about it)
49. Cold=chilly a.寒冷的(unpleasantly cold), icy (extremely cold)
50. Hot=boiling (very hot)
51. Dangerous=perilous (very dangerous), hazardous (dangerous, especially to people’s safety and health)
53. Only=unique (the only one of its kind), distinctive a.与众不同的
54. Stop=cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)
55. Part=component (the components of something are the parts that it is made of)
56. Result=consequence (the results or effects of something)
57. Obvious=apparent, manifest a.显然的 58. Based on=derived from 得自, 由来, 衍生
59. Remarkable=conspicuous (if something is conspicuous a.显著的, people can see or notice them very easily)
61. Pathetic=lamentable (very uncomfortable and disappointing)
62. Field=domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)
63. Appear=emerge (come into existence)
64. Whole=entire (the whole of something)
65. Wet=moist (slightly wet), damp (slightly wet), humid (very damp and hot) 66. Difficult=formidable
68. Change=convert (change into another form)
69. Typical=quintessential (this word means represent a typical example of something)
70. Careful=cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent (careful and sensible)
71. Ability=capacity, capability (the same as ability)
72. Strange=eccentric (if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)
73. Rich=affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)
74. Use=utilize (the same as use)
75. Dubious=skeptical (if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)
76. Satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)
77. Short=fleeting, ephemeral (if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)
79. Angry=enraged (extremely angry)
80. Smelly=malodorous (used to describe an unpleasant smell)
81. Ugly=hideous (if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)
82. Attractive=appealing (pleasing and attractive), absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)
83. Diverse=miscellaneous (a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)
84. Disorder n.杂乱，混乱 v.扰乱=disarray v.混乱, chaos n.混乱，混沌
85. Crazily=frantically (used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)
86. Rapid=meteoric (ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)
87. Ordinary=mundane (very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)
88. Despite prep.尽管=notwithstanding (FORMAL)
89. Best=optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)
90. Sharp=acute (severe adj.严厉的，剧烈的and intense)
91. Unbelievable=inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)
92. Puzzle=perplex (something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)
93. Method=avenue (a way of getting something done)
94. Famous=distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)
95. Ancient=archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)
96. Decorate=embellish (embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)
97. Possible=feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)
98. So=consequently, accordingly
99. Rare=infrequent (does not happen often)
100. Greedy=rapacious (greedy and selfish) 短语
101. In my opinion=from my perspective
102. Very much=a great deal
103. For example=to give a demonstration
104. However=as a matter of fact, it is the other way around
105. Agree with=uphold (support and maintain v.维持，主张)
106. be full of=be saturated with (be filled with sth completely)
108. According to=in the light of
109. When it comes to=in terms of
110. From a XXX perspective=in XXX sense
111. Find a job=land a job
112. Latest=up to date
113. Achieve a goal=attain an accomplishment
114. At the same time=simultaneously
115. At the start of=on the threshold of 在……的开头，在……的前夕
116. Certainly=to a certain extent
117. Without doubt=indubitably adv.无疑地
118. In XXX means=via XXX avenue
119. Disagree with=be the last one to uphold
120. As fast as=apace with 单词
121. Awful=nauseous (if something makes you nauseous, you want to vomit)
122. Lack=scarcity (if there is a scarcity of something, there is not enough of it for people)
123. Suddenly=abruptly (very sudden and often unpleasant)
124. Agree=espouse (the same as agree with)
125. Immortal=eternal (something that is eternal can last forever)
126. Gigantic=enormous (very large in size or amount)
127. Horrible=macabre (strange and horrible or upsetting)
128. Generous=munificent (very generous, FORMAL)
129. Advantage=merit (if something has merit, it has good or worthwhile qualities)
130. Happy=jovial (if someone is jovial, s/he is happy and behaves in a cheerful way)
131. Sad=inconsolable (extremely sad and cannot be comforted)
132. Brave=gallant (if someone is gallant, s/he behaves bravely)
133. Disappear=vanish (ATTENTION: vanish means disappear suddenly or in a way cannot be explained)
134. Difference=divergence (a divergence is a difference between two or more things, opinions or attitudes)
135. Repeat=iterate vt.重申，反复说
136. Effective=efficacious (the same as effective, FORMAL)
137. Dishonest=mendacious (a mendacious person is someone who lies)
138. Talkative=loquacious (if someone is loquacious, s/he talk a great deal)
139. Think over=contemplate (think carefully), ruminate on (think carefully)
140. Tendency=vogue (in vogue means very popular)
141. Protect from=shield from (the same as protect from)
142. Lazy=slothful (lazy and unwilling to make an effort to work), indolent (lazy, FORMAL)
143. Limited=finite (something that is finite has a definite fixed size or amount)